The Cebuano culture is traditionally characterized as a blend of Malay and Spanish tradition with influences from the United States and other Asian culture. It was in the port settlement of Cebu that the Spaniards established their first base for the conquest and conversion of the Philippines. Early exposure to the ways of the West has made the Cebuanos a heavily acculturated people.
Cebu City is the cultural hub of the whole Central Visayas region. It is hailed as "The Queen City of the South" due to its importance in trade, shipping and tourism in that part of the country. Deep harbors make Cebu a popular berthing place for inter-island and ocean-going ships. Flanked by easily accessible white-sand beaches and coral reefs, and home to one of the country's international airports, Cebu is a favorite tourist as well as business destination.
The language in Cebu is called Cebuano, or Bisaya. These two terms are used interchangeably, but there is a subtle difference. Cebuano is the dialect that has evolved in the cities, especially Cebu City. It is a blend of ancient Visayan, Arabic, Spanish, Tagalog, and English. Bisaya, meanwhile, is the relatively pure strain spoken in the rural areas, especially the mountains, where the original Visayan inhabitants of these islands continue to survive. Bisaya has far fewer words borrowed from other vocabularies, and its speakers have intermarried less with successive invaders. That’s why, someone who - in terms of complexion, habits most especially language - carry a larger proportion of the Visyan heritage is called “Bisdak” meaning Bisayang Dako. This term is disparaging and you should not use it to the face of someone who is actually Bisdak.
Educated Cebuano, mostly the city folks have limited Cebuano vocabulary than the rural Visayans who continue to speak the original Bisaya. Since the educated Cebuanos rely almost exclusively on English-language they learn from school and the media such as newspaper, television, radio and internet nowadays. City folks describe Bisaya words that they are unfamiliar with as "deep" meaning “lawum” in Cebuano.
The Cebuano language is spoken by about 20,000,000 people in the island and forms the largest of the Visayan languages. It is the largest native language population and the second largest spoken language in the country, the other being Tagalog. Most speakers of Cebuano are found in the Central Visayas and in certain parts of Mindanao. Besides Cebuano, Tagalog and English are widely spoken in the region while Spanish remains the language of an older elite sector of the community.
The Well-known Sinulog Fetival
Sinulog is the biggest pageantry of sights, sounds and colors in Cebu celebrated every 3rd Sunday of January with more than a million spectators. The festival honors the vision of the child Jesus, known as the Santo Niño (Holy Child), who used to be the patron Saint of the City of Cebu since in the Catholic faith Jesus is not a saint, but God. It is a dance ritual that commemorates the Cebuano people's pagan origin, and their acceptance of Roman Catholicism.